The question was: I also wanted to know what Gary’s thoughts were on shorting the US dollar against the Norwegian kroner instead of buying the IShares Norwegain ETF (symbol ENOR)? And does he still like the idea of the multi-currency sandwich now that rates are all low around the globe? I know I’m not getting paid much in terms of the carry but there might be some good price appreciation or deprecation for gains. I know this is probably more of a trading question even though I was thinking longer term short US dollar and long other currencies like Chinese yuan, Norwegain and, Swedish kroner.
I’m glad the reader asked because the answer to this question make a perfect Pi lesson that gets to the roots of the Pi strategy.
Five year chart iShares MSCI Norway ETF (ENOR) ETF. Light blue line is S&P 500.
First the basic answer for short term currency trading is… beware. Short term currency trading for most of us is not a good idea.
The root benefit of Pi is to avoid the high costs of active trading… and to avoid getting in any arena where big companies with huge reserves, high tech and top trading skills can manipulate markets (such as the currency market).
Most important, Pi aims to reduce stress and protect ourselves from our natural risk aversion bias.
Short term currency trading has all three of the obstacles (trading costs – risk of ruthless big business manipulation and risk of quick, large loss).
Most of us should avoid this.
Long term currency trading (multi currency sandwich) uses currency values and looks for a strong currency with weak fundamentals and low interest rate (US dollar) to be borrowed and invested into a weak currency with strong fundamentals (Norwegian krone) WHEN the weak currency has a higher interest rate than the strong.
The differences in the interest creates “Positive Carry”, a position where the investor makes a positive yield for taking the forex risk. If the dollar could be borrowed at 3% and invested in krone at 5% or 6% there would be a sandwich opportunity… for those who have time to let the currency fundamentals work themselves out. They would earn 2% or 3% per annum while they wait for the currency distortion to adjust.
At this time, the krone has a lower interest rate than the US dollar so the sandwich requirements are not met.
That’s why the message was about borrowing dollars to invest in good value Norwegian shares, not cash or bonds. The investor gets a high value equity investment denominated in a fundamentally strong currency that is currently weak instead of getting higher interest rates.
Investors who invest in iShares MSCI Norway ETF (ENOR), an ETF that invests in the Norwegian stock market, gets a high value investment and a forex opportunity.
There is even greater opportunity if investors borrow US dollars and invest in ENOR, but this increases short term risk. The added leverage should only be used by investors who have time (maybe years) for the value equity distortions and forex tensions to resolve.
Coronavirus and the Stock Market Round TwoCoronavirus and the stock market. Round Two is coming.
This virus and the market faced off in the spring. The market won. As the chart below shows, after a huge March 2020 collapse,the DJIA is almost back to its December 2019 level.
The market’s back up, but history suggests that we’ll see volatility in the ten years ahead.
Here is a chart of the Dow Jones Index for the past three decades. The .dotcom bubble burst just before the beginning of the 2000 decade.
The market then went nowhere from 2000 to 2014. Finally it started reaching new high levels.
Such decades long sideways movement after a severe correction is nothing new in the stock market.
So everything’s in order… except the pandemic. The ravages of the coronavirus dramatically increase the unknown and this uncertainty is the greatest purveyor of weakness that a stock market can have.
Such delays have profound implications for older generations who may need to cash in equities for income. How do we maximize the return on your savings and investments during this extremely dangerous time?
For the past five years, my strategy, to protect against the next stock market crash and yet gain income and appreciation from rising share prices is to invest in an equally weighted portfolio of the value based country ETFs.
We track 46 stock markets around the world in our Purposeful Investing Course (Pi) to determine which markets offer the best value so we can be in a perfect position to take advantage of stock market corrections all over the world.
Since no one knows what the future will bring, investing in value makes the most long term sense.
Our Purposeful Investing Course (Pi) teaches an easy, simple and effective approach to zeroing in on value because little time, management and guesswork is required. You are investing in a diversified portfolio of good value indices.
Sticking to math based stock market value and country ETFs eliminates the need for hours of research aimed at picking specific shares. Investing in an index is like investing in all the major shares of the market. You save time because all you have to do is invest in the ETF to gain the profit potential of the entire market.
To achieve this goal of diversification the Pi portfolio consists of Country Index ETFs.
Country Index ETFs are similar to an index mutual fund but are shares normally traded on a major stock exchange that tracks an index of shares in a specific country. ETFs do not try to beat the index they represent. The management is passive and tries to emulate the performance of the index.
A country ETF provides diversification into a basket of equities in the country covered. The expense ratios for most ETFs are lower than those of the average mutual fund as well so such ETFs provide diversification and cost efficiency.
Here is the Pifolio I personally held at the beginning of 2019. Now I am updating my plan to decide when it’s best to invest more.
70% is diversified into developed markets: Austria, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Norway, Singapore, Spain and the United Kingdom.
30% of the Pifolio is invested in emerging markets: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, South Korea, Malaysia and Taiwan.
iShares Country ETFs make it easy to invest in each of the good value markets.
The ETFs provide incredible diversification for safety. For example, the iShares MSCI Japan (symbol EWJ) is a Country Index ETF that tracks the investment results the Morgan Stanley Capital Index MSCI Japan Index which is composed mainly of large cap and small cap stocks traded primarily on the Tokyo Stock Exchange mainly of companies in consumer staples, financials and materials. This ETF is non-diversified outside of Japan so an investment in the ETF is an investment in hundreds of different Japanese shares.
iShares is owned by Black Rock, Inc. the world’s largest asset manager with over $4 trillion in assets under management.
There is an iShares country ETF for almost every market.
You can create your own good value strategy.
I would like to send you, on a no risk basis, a 130 page basic training course that teaches the good value strategy I use. I call this strategy Purposeful Investing (Pi). You learn all the Pi strategies, what they are, how to use them and what each can do for you, your lifestyle and investing.
When you subscribe to Pi, you immediately receive a 120 page basic training course that teaches the Pi Strategy. You learn all the Pi strategies, what they are, how to use them and what each can do for you, your lifestyle and investing.
You also begin receiving regular emailed Pifiolio updates and online access to all the Pifolio updates of the last two years. Each update examines the current activity in a Pifolio, how it is changing, why and how the changes might help your investing or not.
You also receive a 100+ page PDF value analysis of 46 stock markets (23 developed markets and 23 emerging stock markets). This analysis looks at the price to book, price to earnings, average yield and much more.
This year I will celebrate my 52nd anniversary of global investing and writing about global investing. Our reports and seminars have helped readers have better lives, with less stress yet make fortunes during up and down markets for decades. This information is invaluable to investors large and small because even small amounts can easily be invested in the good value shares we cover in our seminar.
Those five decades of experience have taught me several incredibly valuable lessons.
The first lesson is that there is always something we do not know.
The second lesson is that stock market booms and busts always eventually return to value.
Third, the only sure way to succeed is to use time not timing.
Time is your friend when you use a good value strategy. The longer you can hold onto a well balanced good value portfolio, the better the odds of outstanding success.
A 45 year portfolio study shows that holding a diversified good value portfolio (based on a good value strategy) for 13 month’s time, increases the probability of out performance to 70%. However those who can hold the portfolio for five years gain a 88% probability of beating the bellwether in the market and after ten years the probability increases to 97.5%.
Subscribe to the first year of The Personal investing Course (Pi). The annual fee is $299, but during the pandemic to introduce you to this online course I am knocking $124.50 off the subscription.
Enroll in Pi. Get the basic training, the 46 market value report and access to all the updates of the past two years.
I guarantee you’ll learn ideas about investing that are unique and can reduce stress as they help you enhance your profits through slow, worry free, easy, diversified investing.
If you are not totally happy, simply let me know in the first two months for a full no fuss full refund.
You have nothing to lose except the fear. You gain the ultimate form of financial security as you reduce risk and increase profit potential.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic we have cut the subscription to $174.50. You save $124.50!
Then because this global recovery is going to take years, we’ll maintain your subscription at just $99 a year rather than $299. Your subscription will be autorenewed in 2021 at $99, though you can cancel at any time.
Subscribe to Pi today and you get a year’s subscription to Pi now, get the 130 page basic training, the 120 page 46 market value analysis, access to over 100 previous Pifolio updates, plus begin receiving regular Pifolio updates throughout the year.