Yesterday’s message began our review of seven lifestyle foundations.
The last two messages at this site entitled Lifestyle Foundations and Ecuador Healthy Lifestyles outlined why we, at the beginning of this decade, are sharing seven key messages I have sent before… but have update. They reflect the fundamental values we share from the lessons we learn at this site.
This third lifestyle thought looks at why Merri and I have brought thousands of readers to Ecuador and been living and investing so much there for the past 15 years. This messages answers the question… Why is Ecuador a great place to be?
Ecuador has wonderful natural resources… in the mountains and…
and on the sea.
Ecuador is unique for many reasons. One huge benefit is that it has direct sunlight 365 days a year. Ecuador’s topography ranges from sea level to over 22,000 feet. Going from the coastal plain into the mountains of Ecuador offers the same bio diversity as from the equator to the Arctic Circle.
Ecuador offers incredible luxury at reasonable prices… heart warming sweetness… breath taking beauty… health benefits… and new horizons at every turn.
Ecuador is affordable for everything… such as affordable housing… even ultimate luxury. Here is a chef creating delights at the Relais and Chateaux Spa La Mirage in the Andes and…
the luxurious Casa Ceibo hotel on Ecuador’s Pacific.
Having lived, worked and played there now for fifteen years, we are just beginning to realize how really special and what enormous joys and pleasures this tiny country has.
Slightly smaller than the state of Nevada, Ecuador has four highly distinct zones, the Amazon jungle basin, the Andean central highlands, the Coastal Plain and the Galapagos. Not only do these four regions offer highly different lifestyles and opportunities distinct from each other, each also offers unique sights, sounds and thrills that you cannot obtain anywhere else in the world. Yet it is all so compact! Nothing is much more than an hour or two away.
In Ecuador you encounter cultures, knowledge, birds, plants, sights, scenes and sounds you will not find anywhere else in the world.
Yet there is even more that is hard to explain. A sweetness that lies just below the surface permeates all things and makes them somehow enjoyable in ways that are difficult to describe. Merri and I have taken over thousands of delegates to this country since we first began.
people of Ecuador are…
Again and again they say the same. “I don’t know what it is that I feel so good here, but I love it. I have to come back again.”
Perhaps it’s the random, jumbled, apparent lack of order in a society where things do work.
The airport is organized and gets better every time we arrive. The political system does move forward (Ecuador is South America’s oldest democracy), the legal system does work.
Perhaps it is the way things work differently there. Perhaps it is the incredibly low cost of fresh fruit, clean air and pure water.
Food, of every variety, is excellent, abundant and in expensive.
Whatever it is that makes Ecuador wonderful, many of those who have accompanied us have (like Merri and me), bought homes, moved there and bettered their lives in a multitude of ways.
Perhaps it is the slight differences because like good ice cream, the nuances often say more than the obvious. Cracks in a wall, its patina and peeling paint speak more loudly than color, architecture and design. So I’ll describe the current circumstances of the country below, but written words are never enough. I’m writing the logical reasons why you might love Ecuador here, but you need to visit. Ecuador is a place for the heart and it will be your heart that rules in Ecuador, never your mind.
Ecuador is at the dawn of its development and has wonderful dawns like this one over the sophisticated city of…
Quito… the Paris of South America.
Ecuador is at a crossroads. It stands in a position where it can really rise from its third world state or sink into an even deeper time of turmoil.
There are three driving forces at work, the first being economics. The country has oil… a lot of it. About 60% of the government’s revenue comes from oil. A new airport is being built to replace the one in Quito.
On the downside the country is in an economic mess… has defaulted on its bond debt which is a huge negative for participation in the global economy.
Another driving force is the nation’s dollarization. The idea of abandoning the sucre and using the U.S. dollar as the nation’s currency was that this will stop inflation because it limits the politicians’ ability to spend. This was a good idea and the long-term stability and much lower inflation has created will be good. The IMF loves this as do many of the other bright boys in top western economic posts…all who have never tried to run a country surrounded by other nations that do devalue their currencies. Dollarization has been good but there remain doubts that it can survive. If the dollar rises versus currencies in neighboring countries, then Ecuador’s exports will become uncompetitive.
Enter the third driving force, President Rafael Correa. He has gained great popularity especially be developing indigenous connections and has spent his first years in office on a reform campaign. Can he continue to spend and can he continue his reform are the big questions.
The man is probably sincere, but like Jimmy Carter may be overwhelmed by events. He has no political experience at all. He is inheriting an economic mess and has managed to get many people angry with him.
Ecuador’s President Correa is dynamic and aggressive… and accessible. Here is a photo I took of Correa when he visited our village.
Ecuador real estate prices are not as low as they were when Merri and I began investing a decade ago, but the values are still good… and the cost of maintenance and taxes etc. place are still low. The streets are not as safe as they were, but especially out of the city and away from the Colombian border, Ecuador is very safe… not a dangerous place.
There are enormous historic, economic, cultural obstacles to overcome. Three forces are clashing.
The first are the few very rich families, who have always been in economic and political control. Since there is no middle class, these business families have never used capital markets and have kept business ownership to themselves. Without capital markets they have depended on low cost labor rather than capital equipment. If they stick to this old paradigm, as real wages rise (especially in relation to the neighboring countries) they will become increasingly uncompetitive.
The second force is the huge number of very poor. They want change, better lives, etc., but do not understand global economics. They want change without changing and/ or evolving to fit into today’s modern industrial world. They want the goodies of the west but do not know what to do or how to integrate successfully into the global economy.
The third force is president Correa. He has promised to attack graft to help the poor and downtrodden. But can he do this with success?
My humble opinion is that education is the only real way to make the shifts required. The country must focus its newly found incoming cash flow on education. The poor must be helped to become more productive so they can rise. My guess is the funds will go instead to handouts to quell uprisings and to more graft. This has been the trend so far.
However the president has instituted free education to all in Ecuador… a good step.
This is hardly an optimistic opinion but regardless, there will be great opportunity in Ecuador. If the country moves the right way, they will enjoy increased stability, productivity and we who move there can participate in helping this wonderful nation join its place in the global economy.
The zero on the roulette wheel will be law and order. If the impoverished majority make enough fuss, law and order may decline. This is always the businessman’s risk. This risk is balanced by the peaceful nature of Ecuadorians and their strong family values.
Ecuador has strong spiritual and family values. Even our small village Cotacachi has two large cathedrals.
My feeling is that the unchangeable good parts will remain. Sweet people, more sight and sounds than you can find anywhere else, exquisite biodiversity of flora and fauna. There will be a rich, ancient culture full of wisdom to mystify you and bring you back again and again. The people have an inherent sweetness that has been ingrained for thousands of years. I do not believe that this will suddenly go away. A portion of the indigenous population (the Otavalans) are perhaps the most successful indigenous community in the world. Their influence is a stabilizing factor.
Plus there is more flora, fauna, some really great Indian markets, jungle lodges, incredible fishing, hiking, sightseeing and such. The many readers who have moved to Ecuador tell me they still love living in this place, as do Merri and I. Ecuador is a great place to visit, live in or do business. There are still some real estate deals but one has to search and work at this harder than in previous years… due in part to the large number of westerners who have moved to Ecuador.
Ecuador real estate potential is enhanced by increased inflation and this is why Ecuador real estate investing makes sense. Messages at this site monitor investments in Ecuador.
The collapse of the US economy made real estate in America more affordable… but reduced income, jobs and wealth also. This has forced the US government to stimulate the economy at the expense of the US dollar. This will cause inflation.
This is forcing many middle class Americans to move to less expensive areas in the US and abroad.
60 million baby boomers have begun to retire. Many of their pensions and social security will be severely squeezed by inflation, leaving these people with one of five options.
#1: Keep working
#2: Move to less expensive areas within the US
#3: Export their retirement
#4: Live in near poverty
This is one reason I believe in Ecuador. Imagine this. 60 million boomers will retire over the next 20 years. We boomers are the most spoiled group of consumers as a demographic class that has ever existed on earth. We were promised the world. We were given the world. Now the magic is about to disappear.
Assume that 10% of these boomers will decide to move to less expensive countries. That’s 6 million people. Where is the most likely place to go? Eastern Europe offers great potential but are long distances from the US.
Estimating the Number of Americans Who Move Abroad.
My estimates at 105 may also be low. An article in Barrons entitled, “A new life in Panama” by Bob Adams tells of a silent immigration of Americans retirees and more, seeking to work and live in other nations.
I have been writing and speaking and urging people to consider an international life for 40 years next May. Yet the scale of the immigration that is taking place now surprises even me. The author of this article did a survey with over 115,000 respondents.
They eliminated any relocating for less than two years or because of military, government or their jobs. They discovered that 1.6 million households have already made the decision to relocate. 1.8 million households are seriously considering relocating and 7.7 million households are somewhat seriously considering relocating. The survey suggests that in total, an astounding 10% of American households are considering relocating abroad and another 10% are considering owning a home to either vacation or live part time abroad or 20% of Americans are n the move!
More surprisingly the largest group who are making these plans are in households aged 25 to 34.
If this survey is anywhere near correct (I will assume that Barron’s vetted this at least a bit), then the wave of Americans headed abroad are larger than I believe.
So where will these Americans (Canadians, British, Australians, Kiwis and Continentals are leaving their homelands as well) go?
Canada is out…too expensive and too cold. Most people will head south.
Mexico stands to be #1, but prices there are rising quickly and there is a lot of anti-gringo sentiment. After all there have been numerous Mexican-American wars. The building of a fence across the border will not help either. There is a law and order crisis. Yet it’s still probably the place that will benefit the most due to location.
Cuba, when it opens, will be ripe and good as well. A great place to buy when you can assuming no negative political circumstances. The low end Caribbean is also good except for those darn hurricanes that will put lots of people off…plus many water and transportation problems and the fact that few of the islands have a real infrastructure.
Panama is good…lots of English spoken, many yanks already there, but weather is lousy if you want to be in town (hot and humid) and prices are no longer low. Ditto for Costa Rica. Central America lacks infrastructure though there are some nice gringo settlements though they are expensive. Yet we see many Americans now moving from Panama to Ecuador.
Colombia is the first nation with a progressive economy and full infrastructure after Panama and Mexico. This is a wonderful place but security will stop most from going there. If the security/drug/crime issues are resolved and image cleans up…go buy in Colombia. This will be a great opportunity.
Argentina, especially Buenos Aries should do well also. It’s further away but BA has a very European feel.
Ecuador, 3 hours and 45 minutes from the US will benefit as the first nation with a full infrastructure and really low cost of living.
If Ecuador gets just 10% of six million Americans who leave the US, imagine what this means to this nation of 11 million. First this is more than a 5% increase in population. However look at what it means in dollars!
According to the CIA World Fact Book, Ecuador has a Gross Domestic Income of $4,300 per annum per person. That makes a total GDP of $47,300,000,000.
Imagine what happens if the 600,000 gringos have an average income of $18,000 a year per person. That adds $10,800,000,000. This is an annual income that almost equals 20% of the entire national GDP! This is one reason why Merri and I include Latin equities in our investment portfolio and are buying more and more real estate in Ecuador.
Every cloud has a silver lining and two clouds casting shade on the greenback’s value are liberal money supply and political interference to support presidential elections. The silver lining comes in the form of profits made in places where fed up Americans and Canadians decide to go when they leave home.
This is why we have purchased a hotel, an office building, 6 condos and a house, a 900+ acre hacienda plus a beach apartment in Ecuador ourselves.
Our hacienda Rosaspamba.
Our hotel Meson de las Flores.
Our Ecuador beach apartment.
In summary Ecuador’s real estate potential may depend more on how bad things become in North America rather than how good will be be in Ecuador.
Ecuador has it all… at affordable prices and is an great place to be. Ecuador is a wonderful option to investigate if you are not happy comfortable or certain of the fate of your existing home. Ecuador is an excellent second place, with growth potential and no matter what happens to the global economy… the sun always shines there… 365 days a year.
Learn Spanish in Three Days ONLINE
Instant $110 discount on the course!
The “Learn Spanish in Three Day Course” is now available online.
Read below to see why we are offering our Super Spanish course online for the first time.
Speaking Spanish is a huge benefit on its own. You can become one of the rare North Americans who can get along in Spanish speaking countries. You can be one of the special people who can communicate with 10 million non-English speakers in the USA. Spanish is the second most used language in the USA. There are more Spanish speakers than speakers of Chinese, French, German, Italian, Hawaiian, and the Native American languages combined. According to the Census Bureau, Spanish is the primary language of nearly 50 million people in the US. This is the largest Spanish-speaking community outside of Mexico. Only half of these speakers also speak English “very well,” and 19% do not speak Spanish at all.
You can tap into all this potential when you speak Spanish. Yet there are more benefits.
An article in England’s leading newspaper, the Telegraph, entitled “Why learn a foreign language? Benefits of bilingualism” (1) sum up the biggest benefit of learning a second language and increased intelligence. The article says: “Learning a foreign language is more than just a boost to your CV or handy for traveling. It will make you smarter, more decisive and even better at English. Physiological studies have found that speaking two or more languages is a great asset to the cognitive process. The brains of bilingual people operate differently than single language speakers, and these differences offer several mental benefits.”
The article then explains studies that show seven cognitive advantages gained from learning a foreign language.
#1: You become smarter
#2: You build multitasking skills
#3: You stave off Alzheimer’s and dementia
#4: Your memory improves
#5: You become more perceptive
#6: Your decision-making skills improve
#7: You improve your English
Does it sound impossible to learn Spanish in three days? Yes, it is impossible when you try to learn Spanish in the old, traditional way.
Though you may choose to take more time using this course to learn Spanish, thousands of our readers have learned at our Spanish courses.
There is a scientific method of learning… proven and described in numerous best selling books that create educational jumps by making education natural, easy and fun. This course works because it is education without stress!
This method was created and refined by the Bulgarian educational master, Georgi Lozanov, who transformed the entire Soviet educational system to such a degree that this third world country beat the USA into space.
Merri was lucky to be one of a handful of students outside of Bulgaria who were allowed to be taught this system in the early 70s. She practiced this unique and remarkable form of education for four decades. It was a delight!
Merri and I began integrating these techniques with other shamanic and educational tactics we had gained in our global travels and then applied them to teach Spanish in three days.
The course has been proven again and again by the thousands who have used this system. You can read a few of the many raves we have received from delegates who have learned from the Super Thinking Spanish course we created.
Here are a few quotes from delegates of the course.
One delegate from St. Louis wrote: Hi Gary, Just ended forty-five years in dentistry last week, and I’m on to a new career. What is my new career? Still formulating, but the eye -opening,mind expanding Super-Spanish course last weekend in St. Louis surely shows me the opportunity exists to expand my horizons.
Besides having a lot of nice people to learn our new language; the methods Merri and you developed proved to be just what you said they would be. We all and I in particular relaxed our way to new learning. I feel so very comfortable with the basis of my new language skills that I know I will be spitting out great Spanish sentences by the time I reach Ecuador in October. Last year I spent six weeks in Ecuador and now I plan on conversing with the people.
Today’s excerpt of your newsletter really hit home. You do what you say you will. There are no surprises or hidden sales tricks. The only tricks are beneficial to our learning. Thank you for a wonderful experience that I was quite unable to grasp how you would pull it off. You did, however, and I look forward to other courses that you offer, and I have absolutely no doubt they also will work beneficially. Best regards, Denis Molloy.
Another wrote about the Super Spanish course: Buenos Dias, here is a testimonial for Super Thinking-Super Spanish. Please feel free to use all or part in promotions for the course. In addition, you may give my email address to any prospect “on the fence” about enrolling. Yesterday, in Cotacachi, Ecuador, I finished Super Spanish. I had high expectations for the course and they were exceeded.
After three days, I can speak Spanish in complete sentences. In simple conversations, such as buying groceries or ordering a meal, I can make myself understood. I think that’s incredible!
Although I am far from the competence level of a native speaker, I feel I’ve taken a giant step forward in learning Spanish so that I can experience the people and culture of Ecuador. The foregoing benefits would have more than justified the time and money I invested in Super Spanish. And learning some Spanish was not the most important benefit I got from the course.
Prior to leaving the USA, I had felt for some time that the pace of life there was unhealthy for me (and for most people) and I did nothing about it.
I’ve thought about the pace issue during the course. One of the key elements Merri Scott designed into Super Spanish is placing the student in the optimal state for learning. In class, the past three days, I’ve been re-introduced to guided journeys and introduced to the calming effects of Baroque music (www.sundaybaroque.org). What a blessing! I’m inclined to make one or both a daily part of my life. Rob Christi. Cotacachi, Ecuador
Another attendee from a course wrote: “I took this incredible class a few weeks ago, and I would like to tell anyone that is interested, that it is an amazing three days of learning with lots of laughs included. You leave everyday wanting to learn more and are so excited to do so.
“Other Spanish classes and tutoring made us feel like it would take forever to get to the point where we could put it into practice, but this method gave us a more fluent use for everyday life almost immediately AND the confidence to use it. It is a fantastic way to show people how much they know and give confidence to learn and use Spanish creating a momentum.
“They made learning Spanish easy and fun in a very relaxed, comfortable atmosphere. I would definitely recommend this course. Even if you know some Spanish, this helps make it easier because of the less stress that no verb conjugations gives you. This gives you more confidence in yourself to try and speak it more.
“The stress free atmosphere and tons of interaction and participation were very conducive to learning. The relaxation techniques alone are worth the price. The fact that I can now feel more comfortable conversing in Spanish with my new friends and neighbors is priceless. Muchas, muchas gracias.”
“I loved the relaxed environment. I picked up quite a lot of new vocabulary. I found this course very informative about how the language works, how I can make sentences and understand others better! Muchas Gracias! I had a call from Telcel (the local phone company) after our second class and I was able to speak and understand them for the first time. Despacio (meaning slowly) … a great word! Everyone should take this course before they pick up bad habits.”
“I liked how simply the course was organized and the positive attitude about learning. Thank you so much for helping me to learn Spanish!”
“I liked the laid back yet professional approach. I highly recommend this new, relaxing method of learning Spanish, I feel a lot more confident in the delivery of my words and sentences. It was taught in an excellent and very professional way.
“It was a very enjoyable class.”
How The Course Works
The first tactic is to use Baroque music in the learning process. At least three best selling books, “Superlearning”, the “Mozart Effect” and “Superlearning 2000” have revealed insights about how to learn and think more powerfully based on systems drawn from the Bulgarian educational master, Dr. Georgi Lozanov. Merri Scott was among just a few who learned directly from Lozanov.
The second tactic uses 17 unique lessons to provide Spanish fluency in a short time. Let me prove to you how this tactic works by teaching you hundreds of Spanish words in less than 30 seconds.
Here is the proof.
“Most words in English that end in ION are almost identical, just pronounced differently. For example action is accion, education-educacion, manipulation- manipulacion, etc.”
There you have it. How long did it take you to read the sentence? You now know hundreds of Spanish words that you will never forget.
See examples of the words you already know below.
How long would have taken you to memorize all those words? How soon would you have forgotten them?
This is just one of seventeen Spanish lessons in the course.
The next lesson teaches how to pronounce each of the nouns.
Then, the third lesson teaches almost as many verbs, almost as quickly.
The fourth lesson shows how to avoid conjugating verbs by sticking with the infinitive (far easier than it sounds). This simple lesson leaves a person sounding like a Spanish professor without ever conjugating a verb.
Lesson five shows how to sound infinitely polite and yet get almost anything desired in Spanish.
Lesson six gives valuable connectors and the seventh lesson triples the Spanish capacity with three words for “yesterday,” “now” and “tomorrow”.
By the end of three days you feel comfortable speaking Spanish.
Plus the system is Impro-Dynamic. This means your Spanish keeps getting better even though you do not seem to be studying… practicing… or speaking Spanish.
I was amazed by this as I traveled back and forth from the USA to Ecuador. The longer I was away from Ecuador… the better my Spanish became. My second language was automatically improving. The self improving feature comes because you learn to create Spanish sentences rather than remember them. The portion of the brain that creates is more powerful than the portion that recalls. When your mind creates something… it owns it! You do not have to remember .
During the course you learn 4005 Spanish words that you already know .
You then learn how to create Spanish sentences from these words.
Throughout the course you learn how to pronounce the sentences you create.
When the course ends… the mind keeps working… and creating… so next time you begin to speak Spanish you’ll be surprised . You improve even though you have not actively worked on your lingual skill.
Due to the difficulty of getting groups together to learn this valuable technique, we created an online program for subscribers to use the Super Spanish course at home. Normally $149, this is available at the highly reduced price of $79. Simply use coupon code SPANISH110 at checkout.
I’ll be in touch personally via email with each person who signs up for this course to see how it works or what is required to make it better. Once this test is complete, we plan to offer the program on a larger scale and at a much higher price.
The ONLINE course has our, full satisfaction or money back, guarantee. Try Super Spanish for 60 days. If not fully satisfied, simply let us know for a full refund.
Learn Spanish online $79 – using coupon code SPANISH110 at checkout to immediately save $110 off the regular price of $149
Here are more testimonials from previous Super Spanish Courses.
Maggie wrote: It didn’t really seem possible that we would be speaking and understanding Spanish in only 3 days but the course made it happen in a very supportive learning environment. I would highly recommend this course for anyone wishing to learn “practical Spanish”. The teaching methods, use of relaxation, the use of native Spanish speakers for pronunciation and the teachers themselves who were approachable and helpful and always positive made this a very valuable class.
This course improved my self confidence in my ability to learn and retain a language. It was presented with genuine enthusiasm, great energy and the style of learning is very effective. Gracias! It was a great experience.
Nadine wrote: “Just spent the last 3 days in the most wonderful learning environment learning Spanish. What an amazing learning experience!! First day out of class and I could not stop thinking in Spanish WOW!! I am amazed by how much I learned, retained and how much more is showing up now that I am out of class. And the best part is THERE WAS NO STUDYING!! Indeed this is Super Thinking!!! I would highly recommend this to anyone that has ever had a desire to learn another language or learn anything in record time.
And a few days after that …. As I went through my day, just hanging out with my son, I could see myself starting to think in Spanish. At first I thought it was amusing but as it continued and increased I thought “My goodness this is really remarkable amazing” It was really an effortless unfolding. I wasn’t at any point “trying” to think in Spanish, just words I knew would fly across the screen in my mind. And then this afternoon, my son cuddled up on the couch to watch some cartoons on his ipad and was watching Peppa Pig in Spanish…hmm coincidence? I think not, I’m radiating Spanish so much that my son is being influenced! Thanks a million again. This weekend the best learning experience of my life!!
If you have ever had a desire to learn Spanish this is the way to do it! By the end of the first day I had more confidence and more practical ability than I had from any previous courses I had taken. It was fun and relaxed and full of laughter. You will leave this class excited to use what you have learned. Rather than leaving overwhelmed with how much you have yet to learn and master, you are equipped with the knowledge and know how to go out and communicate as well as the excitement to do it!”
Gary noted: “The whole approach is positive and conducive to learning at a level that benefits ALL participants. It is not intimidating and does not set up a pass/fail atmosphere. The presenters are terrific and the results unbelievable. It was relaxed, informal, friendly and effective.”
Twila said: “This class provided a very refreshing and relaxed way of learning. The atmosphere felt very safe to say the words you were practicing. I learned a lot in a way that will make it easy to apply. Starting with conversation is way more fun. How quickly you can learn! It was a great group, great instructors and great stories.
The atmosphere in the classroom was so relaxed that learning Spanish felt like a breeze and not like a painful task. The relaxation exercises are really conducive to language learning. We learned A LOT in a short time and it was fun and the environment was non-threatening.”
Brigitte sent this: “Buenos Dias, Suzanne. su clase de espanol es excelente! Muchas Gracias! I have already done what you suggested and went into the program listening to the music and going over the lessons. I know: Repetition……reinforcement…..thinking in the new language….it’s all part of it. I loved your course and will certainly recommend it to friends. Who knows….I might feel the urge and have the opportunity to repeat it at your beautiful place in Puerto Aventuras…..Quien sabe? Hasta otro dia y saludos a su familia.”
Marie wrote: “I would highly recommend this course. The amount covered in 3 days is amazing! All with no stress. The correlation lessons and pronunciation practice has greatly reduced my anxiety to go out and use my Spanish. I really enjoyed the whole process and thank you for the take away tools.”
Learn Spanish online $79 – using coupon code SPANISH110 at checkout to immediately save $110 off the regular price of $149
Here is the English translation of a few of the many Spanish words you now know and will never forget. How long would it have taken you to memorize them? How soon would you forget?
“Most words in English that end in ION are almost identical, just pronounced differently. For example, action is accion, education-educacion, manipulation- manipulacion, etc.”
Some more of these words: Combination, Attrition, Education, Vacation, Petition, Lotion, Motion, Construction, Abduction, Pronunciation, Concentration and a ton of others!
Learn Spanish online $79 – using coupon code SPANISH110 at checkout to immediately save $110 off the regular price of $149